ARAB BATHS

These baths were steam baths or hammans. They were used for both hygienic-sanitary needs and for the aspects of Islamic life. They were open at certain times for men and other times for women and some baths were connected to the nearby mosques. These baths have been considered as the successors of Roman thermal baths, however with less monu¬mental impact. Three important times have been detected in their construction: The first in medieval times, before the baths were founded, thought to be the remains of a dwelling, the second between the 12th and 13th centuries when the main body of the baths was built, formed by rectangular areas with a barrel vault and quadrangularskylights, and the third was during the Marinid rule when the cold room was extended. The structure of the baths consists of various parts:

 

The Patio, measuring 30 square metres, which allowed access to the various rooms in the baths and allowed the service staff access to the furnace and boiler area. The Cold Room, from the Marinid era, is in a rectangular shape, illuminated by quadrangular skylights open in the barrel vault used as a roof. The Warm Room, also in a rectangular shape, is connected through two openings to the cold and hot rooms. The Hot Room is of greater constructive complexity due to needing an excavated area under the level of the floor through which the hot air circulated used to raise the temperature. The Service Area, mainly consisting of the furnace, boiler and wood shed.

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