THE LATE ROMAN BASILICA
This museum was created when the remains of the Late Roman Basilica were discovered, which are of great historic importance since they are the only Christian remains on these shores of the Mediterranean from the 4th century. The Basilica is a building formed by a single rectangular room and two side naves, made of stone from local quarries, and from the studies conducted, we now know it is an unfinished monument, either for historical reasons related to the area or because it was used as a cemetery. The museum opened its doors to the public on 1 November 2006, All Saints’ Day, and, in addition to the remains of the Basilica, the museum includes a route from prehistoric times to the era of Islamic rule. Among the most significant areas of the museum, there is a part devoted to the study of the salting factories, the first activity to be carried out in the Roman era. From the Cathedral and Plaza de Africa the route of fish could be watched and when the fishing had finished they disembarked from the north beach. The utmost peak in this trade was from the 2nd century b.c. until the 5th century, when trade consortiums were set up and distribution was carried out by sea. The typical container was the amphora and there were different types. Sauces were also traded, such as the famous Garum, which did not depend on the seasonal nature of fishing.
Lastly, there is the section related to life after death, with a sarcophagus from the Roman era discovered in Plaza de Africa and that had been made in Rome, in which the high level reached by the city can be seen. At the end of the route we reach the Necropolis, with two levels, where burials took place in great poverty lacking any belongings. Almost all of them are anonymous and they are men and women with life expectancy of no more than about 40 years of age.
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